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Malaria antigen detection tests are a group of rapid diagnostic tests that are commercially available. These tests belong to the rapid antigen test type and are designed to provide a quick and accurate diagnosis of malaria. They are particularly useful when individuals lack expertise in traditional laboratory techniques for diagnosing malaria or the necessary equipment is unavailable

By addressing these challenges and improving the sensitivity and cost-effectiveness of malaria antigen detection tests, we can enhance their utility in diagnosing malaria accurately and efficiently.

Types of Tests

Malaria Parasite

Malaria Antigen



Intermittent or Continuous Fever.

Severe Headache

Weakness and Fatigue

Muscle and joint pain

Nausea and vomiting

Excessive sweating


Cough and respiratory distress



Generally, you don’t need to do anything special before your test. You can eat and drink normally unless your healthcare provider tells you.



Generally, a “Negative” result indicates the absence of the antigens, and a “Positive” result indicates the presence of the antigen. A beneficial outcome has to be verified. The normal ranges for malaria antigen tests can vary depending on the specific test being used and the laboratory conducting the test.

*Reference range may vary depending on the equipment used by labs. Consult your referring doctor for proper interpretation of test results 



Complete the full treatment course as prescribed by your healthcare provider.

Follow your healthcare provider's instructions for managing symptoms.

Take steps to prevent mosquito bites, such as using repellents and bed nets.

Attend follow-up appointments to monitor your progress.

Educate yourself about malaria prevention and transmission to prevent future infections.

Rest and allow your body to recover.

Stay hydrated to prevent dehydration.

Inform close contacts about your diagnosis to ensure they receive proper testing and treatment if necessary.



Malaria is a life-threatening disease caused by Plasmodium parasites transmitted to humans through the bites of infected female Anopheles mosquitoes. Here are some key points about malaria:

Global impact: Malaria is a major global health concern, particularly in tropical and subtropical regions. It disproportionately affects low-income countries, with Sub-Saharan Africa being the most heavily affected region.

Treatment: Antimalarial drugs are used to treat malaria, with the specific choice of medication depending on the parasite species and drug resistance patterns in the region. Artemisinin-based combination therapies (ACTs) are currently recommended as the most effective treatment for uncomplicated P. falciparum malaria.

Prevention: Malaria prevention strategies focus on reducing mosquito populations, preventing mosquito bites, and controlling the spread of the disease. This includes the use of insecticide-treated bed nets, indoor residual spraying, and antimalarial prophylaxis for individuals at high risk.

Parasite species: Malaria is caused by different species of Plasmodium parasites, including Plasmodium falciparum, Plasmodium vivax, Plasmodium malaria, and Plasmodium ovale. Among these, P. falciparum is the deadliest species.

Diagnosis: Malaria diagnosis is typically confirmed through laboratory testing, which includes microscopic examination of blood smears or rapid diagnostic tests (RDTs) that detect malaria antigens. RDTs are particularly useful in settings where microscopy is not readily available.

Vaccine: The development of an effective malaria vaccine has been a long-standing goal in the fight against the disease. In recent years, the RTS, S/AS01 vaccine, also known as Mosquirix, has been developed and deployed in certain regions for pilot implementation.

Global initiatives: Various global initiatives, such as the Roll Back Malaria Partnership and the Global Fund to Fight AIDS, Tuberculosis, and Malaria, are working towards malaria control and elimination through improved diagnostics, treatment, prevention, and research.

It is essential to note that the malaria landscape is dynamic, with ongoing efforts to combat drug resistance, develop new interventions, and improve access to healthcare services for prevention, diagnosis, and treatment.



ALIASES (Other names that describe the test. Synonyms.)

Malaria Antigen Detection Test

Rapid Malaria Test

Malaria Antigen Rapid Diagnostic Test

Malaria Antigen Immunoassay

Malaria Antigen Point-of-Care Test

Malaria Antigen Strip Test



The Rapid Malaria Antigen Test is useful for promptly identifying a continuing malaria infection by detecting the presence of malaria antigens in a person's blood. This test is particularly helpful in circumstances where prompt diagnosis is essential for effective therapy. For an accurate diagnosis and suitable care, further confirmation through microscopy or polymerase chain reaction (PCR) is advised if the test result is positive.



[QUESTION] What is a rapid malaria antigen test?

[ANSWER] A rapid malaria antigen test is a diagnostic technique used to swiftly diagnose an active malaria infection by detecting the presence of malaria antigens in a person's blood.


[QUESTION] How is the test conducted?

[ANSWER] A blood sample is used to perform the test, which looks for particular malaria antigens. It produces results quickly, typically within 15 to 20 minutes.


[QUESTION] What is the purpose of the rapid malaria antigen test?

[ANSWER] The test is essential for an early diagnosis of malaria, especially in places where conventional lab facilities might not be easily accessible. Early detection and treatment are made possible.


[QUESTION] What do the test result predictions mean?

[ANSWER] The findings of the test are normally classified as "positive" or "negative." A "positive" outcome denotes the existence result that suggests the presence of malaria antigens, indicating an ongoing infection, while a "negative" result indicates their absence.


[QUESTION] Can a rapid malaria antigen test replace other malaria tests?

[ANSWER] While rapid antigen tests are valuable for their speed and convenience, they might not be as sensitive as other tests, like microscopy or polymerase chain reaction (PCR). Confirmation through additional testing might be necessary, especially in high-risk areas.


[QUESTION] Are there limitations to the test?

[ANSWER] Yes, rapid antigen tests might have limitations in terms of sensitivity and accuracy, which can vary depending on factors such as the type of malaria parasite and the concentration of antigens in the blood.


[QUESTION] Who can perform a rapid malaria antigen test?

[ANSWER] Trained healthcare professionals, such as doctors, nurses, or laboratory technicians, are qualified to perform the test accurately.


[QUESTION] Is any special equipment needed for the test?

[ANSWER] The test is designed to be used in settings with limited resources. It usually comes with all necessary components, including the test kit, reagents, and instructions.


[QUESTION] Can rapid antigen tests be used for mass screening?

[ANSWER] Yes, rapid antigen tests are suitable for mass screening efforts, especially in areas with a high prevalence of malaria. They can quickly identify infected individuals and facilitate timely treatment.


[QUESTION] What should I do if I receive a positive result from a rapid malaria antigen test?

[ANSWER] A positive result requires further evaluation and confirmation through additional testing, such as microscopy or PCR, to ensure accurate diagnosis and appropriate treatment.





Component Test Code*

Component Chart Name



Rapid Malaria Antigen [Card


* Component test codes cannot be used to order tests. 


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Test Parameters: Alanine Amino-transferase (ALT) SGPT