Book Lipid Profile Test

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A Lipid Profile or Lipid Panel test, also known as a cholesterol test, is a simple blood test that measures the levels of cholesterol and lipids in your blood. It provides valuable information about your cardiovascular health and helps assess your risk of developing conditions like atherosclerosis, where fatty deposits build up in your arteries.

By analyzing your cholesterol levels, healthcare professionals can identify if you have high cholesterol, which is a significant risk factor for coronary artery disease. This condition occurs when plaque accumulates in the arteries, causing them to narrow or become blocked.

Getting a cholesterol test is important because it helps detect potential problems early on, allowing you to take steps to prevent heart-related issues. It's a routine and non-invasive test that provides essential insights into your heart health and helps your healthcare provider develop personalized strategies to keep your cardiovascular system in check.



Lipid abnormalities, such as high cholesterol or triglyceride levels, typically do not cause specific symptoms on their own. They are often considered "silent" conditions because they don't typically present noticeable signs or symptoms. This is why Lipid Profiles, which are blood tests, are commonly used to detect and diagnose lipid abnormalities.



Generally, you don’t need to do anything special prior to your test. You can eat and drink normally unless your healthcare provider tells you. The Healthcare may suggest fasting (usually 9-12 hrs)










High≥ 240

HDL Cholesterol 


Major risk factor for heart disease: Age < 40

Negative risk factors for heart disease: Age ≥ 60

Non-HDL Cholesterol





Normal: < 150 mg/dL

Borderline high: 150 ≤ LDL < 190 mg/dL

High: 190 ≤ LDL < 499 mg/dL

Very high: LDL ≥ 500 mg/dL



Normal < 30 

High > 30 

LDL Cholesterol 


Optimal: < 100 mg/dL

Near optimal/above optimal: 100 ≤ LDL < 129 mg/dL

Borderline high: 130 ≤ LDL < 159 mg/dL

High: 160 ≤ LDL < 189 mg/dL

Very high: LDL ≥ 190 mg/dL



0.00 - 4.10

*Reference range may vary depending on equipment used by labs. Consult your referring doctor for proper interpretation of test results.



  • Reduce or eliminate saturated and trans fats from your diet.
  • Adapt a healthier eating plan with whole grains, lean proteins, fruits, and vegetables.
  • Engage in moderate exercise for at least 150 minutes per week.
  • Quit smoking or vaping.
  • Limit alcohol intake to moderate levels or consider abstaining.



To ensure good cardiovascular health, it is important to have regular cholesterol screenings. Here are some general guidelines for when to see a doctor for cholesterol testing:

Children and Adolescents: The first cholesterol screening should typically occur between the ages of 9 and 11. Subsequent screenings are recommended every five years. However, if a child has a family history of high cholesterol or other risk factors, earlier or more frequent screenings may be necessary.

Adults: For adults, cholesterol screenings are generally recommended every five years. However, specific guidelines vary based on age and risk factors:

Men aged 45 to 65 and women aged 55 to 65 should have cholesterol tests every one to two years.

Individuals over 65 years old should receive annual cholesterol tests.

It's important to note that your doctor might recommend more frequent screenings if you have a family history of high cholesterol, heart disease, or other risk factors such as diabetes or high blood pressure.

Good Cholesterol vs. Bad Cholesterol

Cholesterol is often divided into two main categories: good cholesterol and bad cholesterol. 

Good cholesterol It is also known as high-density lipoprotein (HDL), is considered beneficial for your health. HDL carries cholesterol from various parts of the body back to the liver, where it can be processed and eliminated. Adequate levels of HDL help maintain a healthy cholesterol balance, preventing the buildup of excess cholesterol in the bloodstream.

Bad Cholesterol: It is also known as low-density lipoprotein (LDL), and is associated with an increased risk of heart disease. LDL carries cholesterol to different tissues and organs throughout the body. If LDL levels are too high, it can contribute to the formation of plaque in the arteries, which can restrict blood flow and potentially lead to heart-related issues over time.


ALIASES (Other names that describe the test. Synonyms.)

Blood Test for Lip Cholesterol

Blood Test for Lipid Profile

Panel on Cholesterol



The Lipid Profile test is useful for determining your lipid levels, which include cholesterol and triglycerides. It is an important technique for assessing heart health and the risk of cardiovascular disease. This test analyzes the different forms of cholesterol and triglycerides in your blood. It's crucial to remember that, while this test provides useful information about your lipid profile, a comprehensive examination may necessitate further clinical testing to provide a complete picture of your cardiovascular health.



[QUESTION] What is a Lipid profile? 

[ANSWER] A blood test that measures fats (lipids) in your blood, including total cholesterol, HDL cholesterol, LDL cholesterol, and triglycerides.


[QUESTION] Why is it important? 

[ANSWER] It assesses your risk for cardiovascular diseases like heart disease and stroke by evaluating your cholesterol levels and identifying any abnormalities.


[QUESTION] How is the Lipid Profile Test done? 

[ANSWER] A blood sample is taken, usually after fasting for 9-12 hours, for accurate results of triglycerides and LDL cholesterol.


[QUESTION] How often should I have it done? 

[ANSWER] Adults generally have it every five years, but individual risk factors and guidelines can vary. Consult your healthcare provider for personalized recommendations.


[QUESTION] Should I fast before the test? 

[ANSWER] Fasting for 9-12 hours is usually recommended, especially for accurate triglyceride and LDL cholesterol measurements. Water is usually allowed during the fasting period.


[QUESTION] What affects Lipid levels? 

[ANSWER] Factors like genetics, age, diet, exercise, weight, medications, and health conditions (e.g., diabetes) can influence lipid levels. Lifestyle changes can positively impact them.


[QUESTION] Can lifestyle changes alone improve my Lipid Profile?

[ANSWER] In many cases, adopting a healthy lifestyle can positively impact your lipid profile. However, in some situations, medication may be necessary to effectively manage cholesterol and triglyceride levels.


[QUESTION] Are there any risks or complications associated with a Lipid Profile test?

[ANSWER] A lipid profile test is a routine blood test and is generally safe. Some individuals may experience minor discomfort or bruising at the site where blood is drawn.


[QUESTION] Can I interpret my Lipid Profile results on my own?

[ANSWER] It is best to consult with a healthcare professional who can explain your lipid profile results in the context of your overall health and provide appropriate guidance and recommendations.



Component Test Code*

Component Chart Name



Lipid Profile

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Test Parameters: Alanine Amino-transferase (ALT) SGPT