Book HBA1C (Glyco Hemoglobin) Test

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The HbA1C test measures average blood sugar levels over 2-3 months. Glucose attaches to haemoglobin in red blood cells. High levels indicate diabetes and potential complications. Monitoring glucose and managing diabetes is crucial. A1C is also called HbA1C or glycated haemoglobin.



Fatigue or tiredness

Increased thirst and frequent urination, or both

Nausea or vomiting

Losing weight suddenly without any reason

Dry mouth

Blurred vision that doesn’t go away even when looking at something else




Before undergoing an HbA1c test, it's generally fine to eat since the test assesses average blood sugar levels over a few months and usually doesn't require fasting; however, it's important to follow your healthcare provider's advice and instructions about fasting and medications, and discussing the results with them can provide personalized guidance for managing your diabetes.





Estimated Average Glucose (3 Months)



< 5.7%







≥ 6.5%


*Reference range may vary depending on the equipment used by labs. Consult your referring doctor for proper interpretation of test results.



Consult a healthcare professional for further evaluation and guidance.

Follow the recommended treatment plan prescribed by your healthcare provider.

Maintain medication regimens as directed to manage blood glucose levels.

Monitor blood glucose levels regularly using self-monitoring or continuous glucose monitoring.

Maintain a healthy diet, focusing on whole foods and limiting sugary and processed foods.

Engage in regular physical activity as advised by your healthcare provider.

Manage blood pressure and cholesterol levels to reduce cardiovascular risks.

Educate yourself about diabetes and its management through educational programs or support groups.

Schedule regular follow-up visits with your healthcare provider for ongoing monitoring and adjustments to your treatment plan.

Take care of your emotional well-being by seeking support from loved ones or considering counselling.



Difference Between HbA1c Test and Other Blood Sugar Tests:

Various tests are used to measure blood sugar levels and diagnose diabetes. Here's a comparison of the different tests:

Postprandial (PP) Blood Sugar Test: This test is conducted two hours after a meal to assess how well the body utilizes sugar. A PP blood sugar value above 200mg/dL indicates diabetes.

Random Blood Sugar Test: This test can be performed at any time, especially if diabetes symptoms are present. A random blood sugar value between 160-200mg/dL suggests high blood sugar or diabetes.

Fasting Blood Sugar Test: This test is done after fasting for 8-10 hours to accurately measure blood sugar levels unaffected by recent food intake.

If blood sugar levels are elevated in these tests, an HbA1c test is usually recommended. HbA1c provides insight into blood sugar levels over the past three months, helping assess complications and identify causes of high blood sugar levels.


ALIASES (Other names that describe the test. Synonyms.)

A1c haemoglobin

Haemoglobin that has been glycated


Glycosylated Haemoglobin HbA1c



The HbA1c test is useful for determining average blood sugar levels during the previous 2-3 months. It is frequently used to monitor and diagnose diabetes, as well as to assess the efficacy of diabetic care. Please keep in mind that it is not meant for diagnosing acute blood sugar fluctuations or for real-time blood sugar monitoring.




[QUESTION] What is HbA1C?

[ANSWER] HbA1C, also known as glycated haemoglobin or A1C, is a blood test that measures the average blood sugar (glucose) levels over the past two to three months.


[QUESTION] What are the target HbA1C levels for people with diabetes?

[ANSWER] Target HbA1C levels may vary depending on individual circumstances and recommendations from healthcare providers. In general, lower HbA1C levels (below 7%) are desirable for most individuals with diabetes.


[QUESTION] How often should HbA1C be tested?

[ANSWER] The frequency of HbA1C testing depends on various factors, including the type of diabetes, current management, and individual circumstances. Generally, HbA1C testing is done every three to six months for people with diabetes.


[QUESTION] Can HbA1C results be affected by other factors?

[ANSWER] Yes, certain conditions and factors such as anaemia, recent blood loss, certain medical conditions, and pregnancy can potentially affect HbA1C results. It's important to discuss any factors that may impact the accuracy of the test with your healthcare provider.


[QUESTION] Why is HbA1C important?

[ANSWER] HbA1C is important because it provides an indication of long-term glycemic control. It helps healthcare professionals assess diabetes management and the risk of complications.


[QUESTION] When HbA1c Test Cannot Be Performed?

[ANSWER] A pregnant woman should not get this test performed on herself.


[QUESTION] How is the HbA1C test performed?

[ANSWER] The HbA1C test involves a simple blood draw, usually from a vein in the arm. The blood sample is then analyzed in a laboratory to determine the percentage of glycated hemoglobin.


[QUESTION] What do the HbA1C results mean?

[ANSWER] The results of the HbA1C test indicate the average blood sugar level over the past few months. Higher HbA1C levels indicate poorer glycemic control and an increased risk of diabetes complications.


[QUESTION] How can I lower my HbA1C levels?

[ANSWER] Lowering HbA1C levels involves managing blood sugar through a combination of medication (if prescribed), a healthy diet, regular exercise, stress management, and adherence to the diabetes management plan developed with your healthcare provider.


[QUESTION] Are there any limitations to the HbA1C test?

[ANSWER] While the HbA1C test is a valuable tool for diabetes management, it does have some limitations. It may not accurately reflect blood sugar fluctuations in the short term, and individual variations in red blood cell lifespan can impact results.



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Test Parameters: Alanine Amino-transferase (ALT) SGPT