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Calcium is a vital mineral that plays a crucial role in maintaining strong bones and teeth. It is essential for their growth, development, and overall structure. Additionally, calcium is involved in various physiological processes in the body. It aids in muscle contraction and relaxation, including the heartbeat, and helps transmit nerve signals, allowing for proper communication between the brain and the body. Moreover, calcium is necessary for blood clotting, which is important for wound healing and preventing excessive bleeding.

To ensure adequate calcium intake, it is recommended to consume a balanced diet that includes calcium-rich foods. Some examples of calcium sources are dairy products like cheese, butter, milk, and yogurt, as well as tofu, almonds, leafy green vegetables, and fortified foods such as cereals and orange juice. It is also important to note that vitamin D is essential for the absorption of calcium in the body, so getting enough sunlight exposure or taking vitamin D supplements is crucial.

Symptoms of Low Calcium

  1. Brittle nails and Dry skin.
  2. Difficulty in sleeping.
  3. Fatigue.
  4. Mood Swings.
  5. Muscle cramps.
  6. Numbness/ Tingling.
  7. Tooth decay.
  8. Weaker bones which lead to the risk of fracture. 

Steps to follow while doing a calcium test:
Generally, you don’t need to do anything special before your test. You can eat and drink normally unless your healthcare provider tells you.

What is normal Calcium?










Safety Advice

  1. Follow a proper treatment plan provided by your health care or consume the prescribed medication or supplement to increase calcium levels.
  1. Increase your intake of calcium-rich foods such as dairy products (milk, cheese, yogurt), leafy green vegetables, tofu, almonds, and fortified foods. Consider consulting a nutritionist for personalized dietary recommendations.
  1. Ensure adequate vitamin D intake as it helps with calcium absorption. Spend time outdoors to get natural sunlight, consume vitamin D-rich foods (fatty fish, egg yolks, fortified dairy products), or consider taking vitamin D supplements if advised by your healthcare professional.
  1. Engage yourself in outdoor exercise in weight-bearing exercises like walking, jogging, or weightlifting for at least 45 minutes daily or 5 days a week to promote bone health and calcium absorption.
  1. Smoking and excessive alcohol consumption can interfere with calcium absorption and bone health. Consider quitting smoking and limiting alcohol intake.
  1. Take precautions to prevent falls and fractures, as low calcium levels can weaken bones
  1. Schedule regular follow-up appointments with your healthcare professional to monitor your calcium levels and adjust your treatment plan if necessary.

More Information

Why We Need Calcium:

Calcium plays many roles in our body. This includes the following:

  1. Cardio Vascular System

Calcium is important for both bone health and the cardiovascular system. In the heart, it helps regulate muscle contraction, ensuring a regular heartbeat. However, maintaining a balance is crucial, as excessive calcium can lead to artery hardening. Overall, calcium plays a role in maintaining a healthy cardiovascular system.

  1. Bone Health

Calcium is crucial for proper bone development during childhood and adolescence. As we age, our ability to absorb and retain calcium decreases, leading to bone loss and a higher risk of osteoporosis. Consuming enough calcium and engaging in weight-bearing exercises are important for maintaining bone health. It's best to consult with a healthcare professional for personalized calcium intake recommendations.

  1. Muscles Contraction

Calcium is essential for muscle contraction. When an electrical signal triggers the release of calcium ions, it allows the muscle fibers to contract. This is important for various bodily functions, including movement, maintaining posture, and even the beating of the heart.

  1. Other Role

Calcium serves as a co-factor for many enzymes, allowing them to function effectively. Adequate calcium intake has been associated with several health benefits, including a reduced risk of high blood pressure during pregnancy, lower blood pressure in young individuals, and improved cholesterol levels. Additionally, studies have shown that consuming enough calcium can lower the risk of colorectal adenomas, which are non-cancerous tumors.


  1. Why is calcium important for the body?

Calcium is crucial for proper bone development, muscle contraction, and maintaining a healthy cardiovascular system.

  1. How does calcium benefit bone health?

Sufficient calcium intake during childhood and adolescence helps ensure optimal bone density and strength. As we age, calcium continues to support bone health and reduce the risk of osteoporosis.

  1. What are good dietary sources of calcium?

Dairy products like milk, cheese, and yogurt are rich in calcium. Other sources include leafy greens, tofu, almonds, and fortified foods like cereals and orange juice.

  1. How much calcium do I need?

Calcium requirements vary based on age, sex, and life stage. Generally, adults need around 1000-1300 mg of calcium per day. Consulting a healthcare professional can help determine your specific needs.

  1. Can I take calcium supplements instead of getting it from food?

While supplements can be an option, it's generally recommended to obtain calcium from a balanced diet. Supplements may be necessary for those with specific deficiencies or dietary restrictions.

  1. Are there any risks associated with excessive calcium intake?

Consuming too much calcium from supplements may increase the risk of kidney stones or other health issues. It's important to follow recommended intake levels and consult a healthcare professional if considering high-dose supplementation.

  1. Can I get enough calcium if I'm lactose intolerant or follow a vegan diet?

Yes, there are non-dairy and plant-based sources of calcium available. Incorporating foods like fortified plant milk, calcium-set tofu, and leafy greens can help meet calcium needs.

  1. Does vitamin D play a role in calcium absorption?

Yes, vitamin D is essential for calcium absorption in the body. Sun exposure and dietary sources like fatty fish, fortified dairy products, and egg yolks can provide vitamin D.

  1. Can exercise help support calcium absorption and bone health?

Weight-bearing exercises like walking, running, and weightlifting can help promote bone strength and density, working in conjunction with adequate calcium intake.

  1. Can calcium supplements interfere with the absorption of other nutrients?

Calcium supplements can interfere with the absorption of certain minerals like iron and zinc if taken together. It's recommended to space out the intake of these supplements or consult a healthcare professional for guidance.

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Test Parameters: Alanine Amino-transferase (ALT) SGPT